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What is Discitis?

There is a disc between each vertebra in the spine. When this disc gets an infection and becomes inflamed, it’s called discitis.

Often the cause of the infection is staphylococcus, or a bacterial or viral infection. The discs in the lumbar and thoracic section of the spine are usually the ones affected by discitis. Discitis is rare, but it affects children under 10 more often. It is a very painful condition, as pain often travels all over the body with any movement of the spine.

Symptoms of Discitis

Symptoms of discitis include gradual onset of severe back pain, fever, chills sweating, and stiffness.

Fatigue, loss of appetite, and refusal to stand, walk or sit up may also occur.

Diagnosis of Discitis

In order to diagnose discitis, the physician will review the patient’s medical history and follow with a physical exam. To confirm the diagnosis, the physician may order an X-ray, MRI, or a bone scan.

A blood cell count may also be ordered to determine if the number of white blood cells has risen. An Erythocyte Sedimentation Rate may also be ordered to determine if the sedimentation rate is elevated, which is an indication of inflammation.

Treatment Options for Discitis

Treatment of discitis depends on age and cause of the infection. Elimination the cause of infection and getting rid of pain and other symptoms is the goal of treating discitis. Anti-inflammatory medication, antibiotics, steroids and pain relief medication may be prescribed, as well as bracing and bed rest. Severe cases may need a surgical procedure if progress is not made in relieving symptoms after a certain amount of time.